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Clinton Warns China on Iran Sanctions

China/Japan | YP - Sat, 01/30/2016 - 05:00

The secretary of state told China on Friday that it would face diplomatic isolation if it did not fall in line.

Categories: China/Japan News

China to reform education examination, enrollment system

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - China's top leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) appealed to reform the country's education examination and enrollment system on Friday.

During the meeting presided by Chinese President and CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee called for a raise in admission rates for students from central and western parts of the country, as well as a push to enroll more students from rural areas.

It also called for improved enrollment measures for secondary and primary schools to address parents' difficulties in choosing better schools.

The reform should be aimed at building comprehensive evaluation measures and diverse admissions, the CPC central committee said.

The examination and enrollment system should be built as an equitable and strictly-supervised one.

They also urged officials to reform examination forms and contents, and improve enrollment measures.

The meeting came after the fourth meeting of the newly established Leading Group for Overall Reform earlier this month.

The group, led by Xi, reviewed the reforms prior to their approval Friday.

Those reform plans are part of a bigger plan laid out at the third plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee in November last year.

Categories: Chinaganda

Organ donation thrives in China amid cultural challenges

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - Four terminally ill patients in Beijing have reclaimed their lives after receiving a lung, a liver and two kidneys donated by a woman who died of a cerebral hemorrhage earlier this month.

The operations brought the tally of liver and kidney transplants performed at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital since last year to seven and 14 respectively, said Zhang Xiaodong, a senior urologist at the prominent hospital.

"None of the organs used for these transplants were obtained from the court," said Zhang, referring to organ harvesting from executed prisoners, a decades-long controversial practice in China to ease demand for organs.

Zhang, who is also deputy secretary general of China Scientific Registry of Kidney Transplantation, said voluntary organ donation has mushroomed in the country since the government started vigorously promoting the cause four years ago.

Figures provided by Zhang show that in 2009, Chinese hospitals carried out over 6,700 kidney transplants, with more than 50 percent of the organs from death row inmates, only 0.04 percent from voluntary donors and the remaining from living donors who are usually recipients' family members.

However, in the first five months this year, the proportion of donated kidneys used for transplants surged to 30 percent, about the same ratio with kidneys from prisoners, he said.

Standardized system

China piloted voluntary organ donation programs in parts of the country in 2010 and made it a nationwide program in 2013, in order to cut down reliance on prisoner organs and expand ethical sources.

As of mid-August, the programs had seen more than 5,700 organs donated by 2,100 ordinary citizens after death nationwide, said Huang Jiefu, former vice minister of health who leads the country's organ donation and transplant reform, at a forum on development and regulation of organ procurement organization (OPO).

The number of volunteers who completed the donation shot up to 849 in 2013 from 34 in 2010, and reached 659 since this year, according to the National Health and Family Planning Commission.

Under the program, OPOs are empowered to extract organs, licensed hospitals can perform transplant surgery and the non-governmental Red Cross Society (RCS) and its local branches are responsible for donation publicity, registry and supervision.

In addition, the government has mandated the use of a computerized system to automatically distribute donated organs based on candidates' location, degree of emergency and compatibility with the organs, for the sake of fairness and transparency.

Before the system was employed in 2011, recipients were largely determined by hospitals. It resulted in rare organs sometimes going to deep-pocketed patients rather than those in the most dire need.

In 2012, China vowed to scrap organ harvesting from executed prisoners within three to five years, even if the country faces an acute shortage of organs. An average of 300,000 patients are waitlisted for transplants a year, but only 10,000 get their wish each year.

Rising awareness 

Zhang credited the rapid development of organ donations to tireless awareness efforts by the government and media.

According to results of a Beijing survey he launched in 2012, the majority of 2,000-plus respondents said they recognized organ donation, although not all of them were ready to donate their own.

"There's no short cut to attract donors. You have to advertise heavily and invite media to eulogize selflessness," said Li Jindong, who heads the organ donation office of Guangdong branch of RCS.

In China, organs of a deceased can only be extracted after his or her immediate family agree, regardless if the donor is registered before death.

"So the family's attitude matters. From our observation, if they have knowledge about donation, it'll save us a lot of effort in persuasion. If they don't, we're very likely to lose the potential donor," Li said.

He noted that the office sees an influx of calls inquiring about donor registry after donors' touching stories make headlines.

The number of citizens in Guangdong who have donated organs accounts for a fifth of the country's total.

Some local branches of RCS provide funds to help impoverished donors pay medical bills and funeral fees. Although the idea was initiated by the government, it has aroused doubts over cash-for-organ.

Li believes the practice, exclusive to China, will eventually fade away due to continuous improvement of the health insurance network.

Knotty challenges

The yawning supply-demand gap has put great pressure on those dedicated to organ donation promotion, but breaking traditions remains a hard nut to crack despite incremental progress.

The biggest obstacle is the belief that people should be buried or cremated, which is shared by many eastern countries, Zhang said.

"Families of some donors repeatedly told us not to publicize their kindness because they fear gossip from acquaintances," he said, adding that some who died waiting for organs that never came were unwilling to give their organs to others.

He Xiaoshun, vice president of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University in Guangdong, complained about a requirement that the spouse, parents and adult children of a donor must sign an agreement before the organs are taken.

The requirement is understandable since the cause is still at a fledgling stage in the country. "But sometimes it just wastes precious time, which should have been used to save lives," he said.

He said donor registry in China "still has a very, very long way to go" In the United States, 48 percent of adults are registered organ donors while some 27,000 out of 1.3 billion Chinese people are on the registry, He said.

Li Qingsheng, head of the OPO office in the No. 1 people's hospital in Guangdong's Foshan City, said a successful method in foreign countries is asking new drivers if they want to register as donors when registering their license and mark their licenses with "Organ Donor" if they say yes.

"But it may not be viable here. Broaching the subject under that circumstance would be offensive to many Chinese who are uncomfortable talking about death," Li said.

In addition, given the fragile trust between doctors and patients, Li said, many may fear doctors would not try their best to save their lives if driving licenses show they are organ donors.

The government has launched an arduous fight against rampant illegal organ trafficking, as a result of organ scarcity. Last week, a Beijing court ruled on the country's largest case in kidney trading, with 51 kidneys and several doctors involved.

Categories: Chinaganda

Urumqi Air makes maiden flight

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - Urumqi Air, the first airline based in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, made its maiden flight on Friday, from the region's capital Urumqi to the western city of Yining which borders Kazakhstan.

Starting on Saturday, there will be two round-trip flights every day between Urumqi and Yining.

The carrier currently boasts three Boeing 737-800 aircraft and it is expected to add three to four trunk airliners before the end of 2015.

In its early stage, the airline plans to develop trunk routes between Urumqi and destinations like Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. It also aimed to develop additional regional routes within Xinjiang.

In the long term, it hopes to develop international routes to Central Asia and even Europe, Urumqi Air president Cen Jianjun said.

Urumqi Air got its operation license on Thursday. It has a registered capital of 3 billion yuan (487 million US dollars), with Hainan Airlines Co. Ltd., the country's fourth-largest carrier, contributing 70 percent of the investment.

Urumqi City Construction Investment Co., Ltd., a local government-owned investment company, held the remaining 30-percent stake.

Xinjiang's booming aviation market and favorable location have made it a new front for many domestic and foreign airlines. Forty-nine airlines have operate flights in the region.

Urumqi International Airport handled 15.4 million passengers in 2013, up 15.1 percent year on year. In the first four months of this year, all airports in Xinjiang saw a total of 6.75 million passenger movements, a year-on-year increase of 19 percent.

Categories: Chinaganda

Shanxi vice governor under probe for suspected violations

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - Ren Runhou, vice governor of north China's Shanxi Province, is under investigation for suspected "serious law and discipline violations," China's anti-graft authority said Friday.

The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China (CPC) released the news on its website.

Categories: Chinaganda

Chinese vice premier to attend China-Eurasia Expo

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - Chinese Vice Premier Wang Yang will attend the opening ceremony of the fourth China-Eurasia Expo in Northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region on Monday, Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei announced on Friday.

The expo, scheduled for Sept 1 to 6, will be held in Urumqi, Xinjiang's capital.

Its organizing committee has invited foreign leaders including Kazakh Prime Minister Karim Masimov, Kyrgyz Prime Minister Zhoomart Otorbayev and Georgian Deputy Chairman of the Parliament Zviad Dzidziguri to attend the event.

Categories: Chinaganda

China to streamline corruption reporting

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - The process under which local Chinese graft inspectors report their findings will be further streamlined next year in a bid to catch more corrupt officials, the Communist Party of China's (CPC) discipline watchdog said on Friday.

According to the CPC's Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), local discipline inspection agencies nationwide will give reports on their work only to superior inspection agencies.

They will follow instructions from superior agencies first when investigating a corruption case.

Currently, each local discipline inspection agency is under the dual leadership of the CPC committee at the same level and the inspection agency of a superior level.

These reforms have already been carried out on a pilot basis since April in 15 cities of Hebei, Zhejiang, Henan, Guangdong and Shaanxi provinces, as well as in the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, the Ministry of Commerce and the General Administration of Customs.

A posting on the CCDI website said discipline inspectors had investigated some 22,000 corruption-linked cases during the April-July period this year, up 18.6 percent from the same period in 2013.

Categories: Chinaganda

Senior legislative official under probe

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - Bai Enpei, a senior official from China's top legislature has been put under investigation for "serious discipline and law violations," the discipline inspection agency said on Friday.

Bai is deputy head of the Environmental Protection and Resources Conservation Committee of the National People's Congress. The CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection announced the news in a statement on its website.

Categories: Chinaganda

Senior Shanxi official under probe for graft

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - Bai Yun, member of the Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Shanxi Provincial Committee, has been put under investigation for "serious discipline and law violations," the discipline inspection agency said on Friday.

Bai is also head of the United Front Work Department of the provincial Party committee, said a statement from the CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.

Categories: Chinaganda

China to cut SOE executives' salaries

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - The top leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) decided on Friday to cut salaries for executives of state-own enterprises (SOEs).

During a meeting presided over by Chinese President and CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee approved plans to reform the system that determines centrally administered SOE executives' salaries and the size of their expense accounts and other privileges.

In a statement released after the meeting, the Political Bureau said excessive salaries will be cut to reasonable levels.

It urged SOEs to improve their corporate ethics, saying that income gaps between executives and other employees, and salaries among different industries should be maintained at an appropriate level.

The plans call for ceilings to be set on SOE executives' expense accounts and for prohibitions to be placed on their official vehicles, offices, training, business receptions, domestic and overseas business trips and communications.

They strictly prohibit any spending of public funds for personal purposes, vowing to stop misuse of such funds for club memberships, healthcare, entertainment and anything else irrelevant to executives' duties and SOEs' operations.

The Political Bureau urged local-run SOEs to follow suit.

SOEs keep hold on Fortune 500  Sinopec is allowing in private investors 

Categories: Chinaganda

University official investigated for disciplinary violations

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

CHANGSHA - He Yibin, president's assistant at Hunan University in central China, is being investigated for suspected serious disciplinary violations, the discipline inspection department of the Hunan Provincial Party Committee said.

The 49-year-old assistant to the president has been a longtime employee of the university and was appointed to the post in April 2011.

Categories: Chinaganda

Apartment explosion kills 1, injures 8

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

An explosion at a residential building in Beijing early on Friday killed one woman and injured eight other people.

The reason for the explosion was under investigation, but residents suspected it was related to a hydrogen tank used by a hardware store adjacent to a bottom-floor apartment.

The blast occurred at around 5:30 am in the Zuojiazhuangbeili community in Chaoyang district.

Rescuers found an injured elderly woman at around 8:10 am and rushed her to a hospital after providing emergency treatment at the scene. She died later at the hospital.

One of the eight who were injured was in serious condition, but the injuries did not appear life-threatening, according to medical personnel.

Scaffolding had been erected all around the building as part of a project to install fireproof material on the its exterior surface, residents said.

The explosion bent the scaffolds outside the windows and doors of the apartment, and damaged windows and doors. At least five vehicles parked nearby were also damaged, with most of their glass broken.

A large piece of the coating layer of the apartment's internal wall fell off. Part of the external wall was cracked.

Debris, including broken windows and doors, twisted metal, furniture and bricks were scattered around in the apartment and in the street in front of it.

The force of the blast was so massive that it bent the gate of an opposite building opposite about 50 meters away, and it displaced the security door of an apartment on the building's ground floor.

A lot of glass in nearby buildings was shattered.

Lu Hua who lives on the first floor of a nearby building said she had never heard a bigger sound before.

"I remember the sound of artillery from the Japanese invaders. The sound of this explosion was even bigger," the 79-year-old said, adding that the building shook as though it were in an earthquake.

"I was so frightened that I almost collapsed, and my legs still tremble now if I stand up," Lu said five hours after the blast.

Hou Jun, Lu's grandson, said the explosion forced open the door of his home, though he had locked it the night before.

Hou said the ceiling of his house cracked, and several window screens fell.

Li Jianmin, who runs a fruit stand just outside, said he was sleeping in his van only 5 meters away from the blast site.

"All of my van's glass was broken, and I had to creep out of the vehicle through the window because I couldn't open the door," the 25-year-old said. "The whole building was engulfed in white smoke when I came out."

Categories: Chinaganda

WeChat closes, suspends hundreds of objectionable accounts

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - Hundreds of accounts on leading instant messaging platform WeChat have been shut down or disabled by its parent company, Tencent, in the wake of increased government regulation of such services.

The clean-up, targeting mass-publication accounts as opposed to those used for personal communications, cracked down on accounts masquerading as those of public organizations and media groups, as well as accounts spreading rumors and content that is lewd, pornographic or violent.

Other reasons for the accounts being punished included publication of illegal advertisements, disturbing ethnic unity, committing libel and violating privacy, according to a statement released on Friday by the State Internet Information Office, citing Tencent.

As of Aug 25, 46 mass-publication accounts had been permanently shut down, and another 311 disabled, with suspension durations ranging from seven to 90 days.

The statement cited "Zhejiang Xinwen (Zhejiang News)," an account closed for routinely releasing false news stories in the name of the sole provincial-level news account in East China's Zhejiang province authorized by the State Council.

Tencent's swoop followed a regulation issued earlier this month stipulating that non-media instant messaging accounts must be certified by service providers and put on record by administrative authorities in order to release or re-post news stories.

The rules urged users to vouch for the authenticity of the information provided, abide by the law and uphold national interests, public order, the rights of other citizens, social morality and the socialist system.

Friday's notice described the accounts in question as "the first batch," hinting that more will be identified and punished.

More than 800 million people use instant messengers in China, sending more than 20 billion pieces of information every day.

China to clean up instant messaging services WeChat brings new weapon to mobile pay war  

Categories: Chinaganda

12 Chinese candidates selected for Mars interview

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

Twelve candidates from China, including four females, have been selected for interviews in the next step of the Mars One project, China National Radio reported on Friday.

They are part of the 705 candidates, chosen from 202,586 applicants across the world, awaiting interviews.

Mars One, a Dutch non-profit project co-founded in 2013 by Bas Lansdorp, a Dutch entrepreneur, aims to establish a permanent manned station on Mars. Crews of four will depart Earth for the remote planet every two years, starting in 2024.

The organizers promised that "a reliable living environment will be waiting for the astronauts when they leave Earth". A demonstration mission, communication satellites, two rovers and several cargo missions will be sent to Mars ahead of the selected astronauts.

The journey to the Red Planet will take at least seven months.

After landing, astronauts will have to cope with intense radiation and hazardous temperatures and have no way of returning, based on existing technology.

Communication with the Earth will be also problematic as radio signals, depending on the alignment of the planets, can take between 4-21 minutes.

The interview process will divide the candidates into several four-member groups and they have to show their ability to survive extreme conditions and cooperate with others in cramped living arrangements.

Captains of industry explore new space frontier  Moon rover designer looks to Mars 

 

Categories: Chinaganda

China hosts SCO live fire drill

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

Equipment is displayed during the drill on Tuesday. [Photo/Xinhua]

More photos>>

ZHURIHE, Inner Mongolia - Five Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) member states on Friday carried out a massive live fire drill involving more than 7,000 troops in north China's Inner Mongolia.

Troops from China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan participated in the anti-terrorism drill, including ground and air forces, special operations and airborne troops and others tasked with electronic countermeasures, reconnaissance, mapping and positioning.

Chief of the General Staff of the People's Liberation Army Fang Fenghui, along with his counterparts from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, watched the exercise, which started at 10 a.m. at the Zhurihe training base.

Viewers also include representatives from the SCO observer states of Pakistan and Mongolia, and the dialogue partner Sri Lanka, as well as delegations of foreign military attaches from 40 countries.

The exercise scenario involves a separatist organization of more than 2,000 terrorists armed with tanks, missiles and light aircraft. Participants are asked to imagine that the terrorists are entrenched in hilly areas, plotting attacks and a coup.

The SCO will dispatch military forces to put down the insurrection and restore stability at the request of the country's government.

Categories: Chinaganda

Former N China deputy mayor given death penalty

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

HOHHOT - A former deputy mayor of Hohhot, capital of North China's Inner Mongolia autonomous region, was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve over charges of malpractice and corruption on Friday.

The Baotou Municipal Intermediate People's Court on Friday heard the case of Bo Liangen, who was accused of taking bribes of 38.97 million yuan (6.34 million U.S. dollars), 90,000 U.S. dollars and 5,000 euros, as well as taking advantage of his positions in multiple cities in the autonomous region.

He was also deprived of political rights for life with all property confiscated, according to the court.

Bo caused huge losses of more than 84.17 million yuan to the country due to his crimes, the court said.

Bo appealed in court.

Categories: Chinaganda

Man, 29, sues parents for not looking after him

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

A 29-year-old man is taking his parents to court for not looking after him, the Sanxiang Metropolis Daily reported.

Kuang Zhengxuan who works as a model in an art school in Changsha, capital of Hunan province, said he planned to sue his parents for not supporting him.

"Actually, I do not want to become a kenlaozu (a healthy adult still relying on their parents), but I cannot support myself,"he told local media.

Kuang, a primary school graduate, said he has tried to get well-paid work but has been unable to do so.

Kuang's father, a migrant worker from central China's Hubei province, said his son was always asking him for money.

"I cannot continue to financially support my 29-year-old son,"he said.

The lawsuit has highlighted the growing number of young adults still dependent on their parents.

According to the China Scientific and Research Center for the Ageing, about 65 percent of Chinese parents support healthy adult children and more than 30 percent of children who have reached adulthood still need some financial support from their parents.

Contact the writer at zhengcaixiong@chinadaily.com.cn

Categories: Chinaganda

Bags of fun at village games

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

Competitors take part in fertilizer-bag racing in a fun sports meeting held in Liaocheng in east China's Shandong province on Aug 28. [Photo/Asianewsphoto]

 

 

Vying for sweet victory, a contestant runs with a watermelon in her arms. [Photo/Asianewsphoto]

 

 

This woman flashes a smile like a split watermelon as she looks set to pip her fellow race contestant to the post. [Photo/Asianewsphoto] 

 

 

This man will have plenty to crow about to his friends if he can catch the rooster. [Photo/Asianewsphoto] 

 

Balance is the key as a games participant carries two buckets of water while traversing a stone bridge. [Photo/Asianewsphoto] 

 

 Putting some fun into farming  Amazing splits 88 years old does

Categories: Chinaganda

China launches birth defects research

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

BEIJING - Chinese experts on Friday kicked off a research project looking into birth defects and genetic disorders, as 900,000 babies are born with mental or physical disabilities each year in the country.

The figure makes up about 5.6 percent of all newborns, said the Ministry of Technology when announcing the research, which will cover 79 major categories of birth defects and genetic disorders and involve surveys and analysis of biological samples.

The surveys will be based on the existing screening network for birth defects.

Although China started birth defect screening 20 years ago, only one percent of possible defects were covered at that time, so records are lacking on a large number of birth defects and genetic disorders.

The experts' findings will be used to create a database for further research and decision-making in this area.

Categories: Chinaganda

Life of a car model

China Daily - 1 hour 3 min ago

What directly comes to your mind at the mention of the word "modeling"? Glamour, spotlight, and what else? But how much do you know about a car model's life behind the scenes? The following is a photo story about recent college graduate Zhang Xueqi, who works hard to make a living in the car model industry in Chengdu, the capital city of southwest China's Sichuan province. The photos were taken between July 26 and August 28.

Zhang Xueqi (front) is pictured at a car exhibition in Chengdu, Aug 28. [Photo/CFP]



Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame

 






Six models undergo a second round of interviews in Chengdu, July 30. [Photo/CFP]


Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame

Zhang joins a model audition in Chengdu. [Photo/CFP]



Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame

Zhang applies make-up to a friend's face during a model audition in Chengdu, July 30. [Photo/CFP]


Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame



Zhang changes shoes during the interval of a model audition in Chengdu, July 30. [Photo/CFP]


Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame



Zhang looks confident during a model audition in Chengdu, July 30. [Photo/CFP]


Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame

Zhang drives her BMW to an English training class in Chengdu, July 26. Zhang said she used a bank loan to buy the car two months ago. [Photo/CFP]


Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame

Zhang takes an English class at a training center in Chengdu. She attends the class from Monday to Friday, as she usually has work on the weekends, Zhang regards it an important investment for her future as she would like to land a marketing job at a finance company. [Photo/CFP]


Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame



Zhang gets up early on a Saturday morning for modeling work. [Photo/CFP]


Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame


Zhang rents a two-room apartment in the downtown area of the city, where she pays 3,000 yuan ($488 dollars) a month. She likes reading books on psychology, speech craft and success. [Photo/CFP]


Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame

A dejected Zhang walks to her car after a training class on July 26. She has just learnt she is not on the model list for an upcoming car exhibition in Chengdu. "I don't want dinner tonight," she says.



Taobao models live for clothes   New semester, new faces at Tsinghua University  Diving for glory and fame

 

Categories: Chinaganda

The Tank Man 6-4

Mark Roswell aka Da Shan

Best Friends Forever: Canada and China