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Clinton Warns China on Iran Sanctions

China/Japan | YP - Sat, 01/30/2016 - 05:00

The secretary of state told China on Friday that it would face diplomatic isolation if it did not fall in line.

Categories: China/Japan News

Corrupting the Chinese Language

China/Japan | YP - 0 sec ago

The Chinese vernacular has become brutalized — and the Communist Party is largely to blame.

Categories: China/Japan News

Original Inner Mongolian music plays in ICIF

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

Matouqin playing is presented at the Inner Mongolia Ethnic Arts Theatre's concert on May 23 in Shenzhen's ICIF.[Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

An ethnic music troupe from the Inner Mongolia Ethnic Arts Theatre gave a concert of the region's original and primitive music at the 11th China (Shenzhen) International Cultural Industries Fair (ICIF) in Shenzhen, on May 22.

Traditional Mongolian music arts such as long tune, matouqin (or horse-headed fiddle) and hoomii (throat-singing) were performed at the concert.

"I heard that some of the performers were herdsmen. The original and primitive music from grasslands is so touching," said an audience.

Performers of Inner Mongolia Ethnic Arts Theatre's ethnic music troupe play traditional Inner Mongolian instruments at the original and primitive music concert on May 23 in Shenzhen's ICIF.[Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

Stories of herdsmen were depicting through the singing of long tune, hommii, the playing of matouqin and other traditional Mongolian instruments.

The ethnic music troupe of Inner Mongolia Ethnic Arts Theatre is the only professional musical troupe of Mongolian ethnic group in China. Their performances include traditional Mongolian musical instruments and singings.

Performers of Inner Mongolia Ethnic Arts Theatre's ethnic music troupe pose on stage.[Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

Categories: Chinaganda

South Korea detains 11 illegal plastic surgery brokers

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

A patient about to undergo plastic surgery in Seoul, South Korea. [Photo/Xinhua]

Eleven illegal brokers in South Korea's plastic surgery industry have been detained and more than 150 others have been banned from leaving the country on suspicion of engaging in unlawful practices, South Korean newspaper Chosun Ilbo reported on Tuesday.

The 11 brokers are mainly Chinese and South Korean-Chinese. They posted advertisements on the Internet claiming to help find best plastic surgery clinics in South Korea.

According to the police, the brokers are unregistered and they charged exorbitant fees and introduced the patients to unqualified doctors.

One of the suspects introduced 53 Chinese clients to plastic surgery hospitals in Gangnam district and Seodaemun district of Seoul from January 2013 to April 2015, earning 1.47 million yuan ($237,000) as commission. Investigation shows that some clinics paid the accused more than 90 percent of the surgery cost.

The profits made by the rest ranged from 392,000 yuan to 560,000 yuan.

Some charged extremely high commission from the patients. A Chinese woman paid 1.12 million yuan for a breast augmentation surgery whereas the original cost was 36,400 yuan.

Women who say they have been left disfigured by shoddy procedures in South Korea wait in a room at a clinic in Beijing in this undated photo. [Photo/Agencies]

The list of the 150 brokers who have been banned from leaving the country was found on account books of some plastic surgery clinics during police's investigations at Gangnam district, a high-profile neighborhood packed with luxury shops and a growing list of plastic surgeons. One of the suspects was captured when he tried to flee to China on May 21.

The involvement of illegal brokers would increase the cost for patients while lowering the medical quality, said the authorities.

In February, the South Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare announced a crackdown on illegal brokers and unregistered clinics, following a series of cases involving accidents with plastic surgery.

New measures require all medical practices that deal with foreign patients - and any brokers they use to attract the clients - to register with the ministry. Those who fail to do so are liable to a hefty fine and, in the worst case, a prison term of up to three years.

South Korea is famous for its plastic surgery, which has resulted in spectacular rise in the number of Chinese traveling to their neighboring country to seek better looks in recent years.

According to the latest figures from the Chinese Association of Plastics and Aesthetics, some 56,000 Chinese traveled there last year to go under the knife for cosmetic reasons – a considerable rise on the 16,000 who traveled the year before, according to South Korean health ministry numbers.



Categories: Chinaganda

No gambling for mainland tourists in Taiwan: Spokeswoman

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

BEIJING - Chinese mainland authorities welcome the healthy expansion of tourism cooperation and exchanges across the Taiwan Strait, but will not allow its citizens to gamble in Taiwan, a spokesperson said Wednesday.

Speaking at a regular press conference in Beijing, Fan Liqing, spokesperson with the State Council Taiwan Affairs Office, said mainland regulations and cross-Strait agreements between the Chinese mainland and Taiwan are consistent in that they prohibit mainland tourists from engaging in gambling activities on the island.

Gambling is banned on the mainland.

Fan said the Chinese mainland hoped to further push forward cross-Strait tourism cooperation and exchanges in Kinmen, which is just two kilometers from the coastal mainland city of Xiamen.

"We would rather not see Kinmen tourism, which has tremendous potential, impacted by the gambling industry," Fan said.

Categories: Chinaganda

Zoo deer die after eating plastic bags

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

SHANGHAI - Three deer at the Shanghai Zoo died in May with large masses of inedible objects, including plastic bags and towels, found in their stomachs, said zoo authorities.

The three deer died suddenly on May 10, May 20 and May 21. Each was found to have around six kilograms of inedible material in its stomach. The plastic and towels were wrapped around food thrown by zoo visitors to feed the deer.

"For years, the zoo has put much effort into educating visitors to behave in a civilized manner. However, it is still hard to ban visitors from feeding animals irresponsibly, which means that some visitors still lack respect and understanding for the animals," said Pei Enle, head of the zoo.

In 1993, a giraffe died after eating visitors' plastic bags at the Shanghai Zoo, leaving her newborn baby screaming in pain. The zoo built a pavilion to display the preserved giraffe to warn visitors against harming animals.

China is amending its wild animal protection law, which was first adopted in 1998 and amended in 2004, to better protect wild animal species and guarantee their welfare.

Categories: Chinaganda

Bold thieves dance before security camera

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

A thief shows a victory gesture to the surveillance camera. [Photo/IC]

Thieves dance in front of surveillance camera

Surveillance footage from a shop in Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province shows exuberant thieves dancing in front of instead of hiding from surveillance cameras.

In the video, a thief danced for a bit in front of the surveillance camera before he and his companion burst into the shop at about three am on Tuesday, May 26. Then the other thief kicked the door open and stole a laptop, some change and the cash box.

The police are investigating the case.

Ever dream of digging for buried treasure? One man actually dug a huge hole in his living room in search of some, in our next story.

The basement is about 2 meter wide, 3 meter long and 3 meter deep. [Photo/IC]

Man digs deep for buried treasure

A villager in Central China's Henan province has gone to great lengths to recover his dead wife's buried treasure.

The man dug a big basement in his sitting room in search of a deposit passbook his dead wife left in Luji village, Lutai town, Huaiyang county, according a local website.

His wife told him she hid a deposit passbook of 40,000 yuan ($64,480) under the floor of their sitting room. Never expecting how difficult it would be to find it, he dug a hole which is about 2 meters wide, 3 meters long and 3 meters deep in the room and still hasn't found the passbook.

"My wife will never lie to me and I will keep digging until I find it", the man insisted.

In our next story, a perfectly sane woman shoves a spatula down her throat.

The X-ray picture shows a spetula stuck in the woman's throat. [Photo/IC]

Woman shoves spetula down her throat

A woman who shoved a 30-centimeter spetula down her throat stunned doctors with her extraordinary act in Humen county, Dongguan city, Guangdong province, reported South Metropolis Daily on Wednesday.

After her condition stabilized, she explained how it happened. She said she felt great difficulty breathing, with a lump in her throat when she was cooking. She remembered a local saying that using something to unblock her throat would work.

At first, she used her fingers but they were too short to unblock her throat. Then she chose chopsticks to stick into her throat. After breaking three chopsticks that way, she turned to a spetula and put the handle right into her throat. She soon felt it was impossible to breathe and that's when she went to the hospital for help.

The strange case made the doctors wonder if the woman was suffering from mental illness. But, surprisingly, she appeared to be perfectly sane. Doctors had to cut 20 centimeters out of 25 centimeters of her esophagus since it was badly damaged.

To enable her to eat, the doctors had to stretch her stomach up to her throat to connect with the rest of the esophagus.

In our final story, a man defrauds 13 women online by pretending to be ill.

The man seduced women through social media and short messages. The photo is not related to the story.[Photo provided to China Daily]

Man feigns sickness to win women's hearts

Previously a man who was found dating 17 women gripped netizens' attention. This time a man in Southwest China's Chongqing municipality feigns illness to win women's hearts.

A man, nicknamed Wu Ming, has defrauded 13 women of their love and money amounting to more than 200,000 yuan ($32,240) by faking an illness since 2013, the Chongqing Morning Post reported on Tuesday.

He would tell a female target, who he seduced through social media and short messages that he suffered from a fatal disease or wound and that he would die if the woman leaves him, said Wu.

"They will all be moved after hearing my story. I never saw an exception," said Wu.

That's all for today's trending, do check back tomorrow for more!


Categories: Chinaganda

Dongguan's hotel tycoon goes on trial for prostitution

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

Liang Yaohui, also know as Taizi Hui, was the Chairman of Crown Prince Hotel in Dongguang, Guangdong province. [Photo/Xinhua]

A famous businessman went on trial in Dongguan Intermediate People's Court on Wednesday for allegedly organizing prostitution rackets and destroying material evidence in the Pearl River delta city.

According to the indictment, Liang Yaohui, also known as Taizi Hui, or Prince Hui, and his 47 hotel employees, were investigated for arranging more than 100 prostitutes to conduct illegal sex trade in Crown Prince Hotel in the city's Huangjiang township since April 2004.

Liang, 48, was chairman of the hotel, one of the five-star properties in Dongguan, a city famous for its entertainment industry.

Liang reportedly set up 99 separate sauna rooms in the hotel where allegedly sexual acts took place.

Liang's hotel was closed down after the local government launched a campaign against prostitution after China Central Television exposed the illegal trade in the city in February 2014.

Liang was arrested on April 14 for running a prostitution racket and destroying material evidence, according to Dongguan city bureau of public security.

A verdict is awaited.

According to Chinese laws, organizing illegal sex trade can result in life in prison or even death if the crime is deemed serious enough, and the illegal gains can be confiscated.

Liang, one of the richest people in Dongguan, was once a famous entrepreneur in Dongguan, one of a major production bases in the mainland.

In addition to operating hotels, Liang's business involved crude oil.

He was once chosen as one of the top 10 charitable people in Dongguan. He has donated more than 56 million yuan ($9 million) to local charitable organizations.

Liang was selected as the deputy of national People's Congress in January of 2008. But he was disqualified after he was detained on April 14.

Categories: Chinaganda

Young photographer takes family photos for mountain-dwellers

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

A kid in Daliang mountains in Sichuan province holds his family photo on Jan 16, 2015. [Photo/IC]

23-year-old Zhao Ming went to mountainous areas in Southwest China to take more than 2,000 pictures of locals living in these less developed areas in the past three years. The photography major said he did that because when his grandma passed away, he realized he didn't have a single photo of himself with his grandma, which left him in deep regret.

He decided to use his photography skills to help record the lives of those living in the mountainous areas.

A granny in Guizhou puts on a wedding gown for the first time in her life, July 11, 2014. [Photo/IC]

Children from a mountainous village in Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region pose in front of a Tiananmen Square poster, Jan 22, 2014. [Photo/IC]

This photo shows a four-generation family photo on Feb 18, 2015, the last day of the year according to the lunar calendar. [Photo/IC]

Villagers in Daliang Mountains in Sichuan province smile when receiving their photos on Jan 3, 2015. [Photo/IC]

Zhao Ming stands with a local young man in Daliang Mountains, Dec 12, 2014 [Photo/IC]

Zhao Ming and locals in Daliang Mountains, Dec 13, 2014. [Photo/IC]

A child holds a photo of his family, Dec 14, 2014. [Photo/IC]

Categories: Chinaganda

China moves up to 17th in global tourism survey

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

Chinese mainland's global marketing effort to increase inbound tourism is paying off.

After ramping up the marketing in 2013, the country now ranks 17th in global travel and tourism competitiveness, a great leap from 45th in 2013, according to a 2015 survey by the World Economic Forum.

As for the Asia-Pacific region, Chinese mainland was ranked sixth, following Australia, Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong and New Zealand, according to the survey, which was released on May 6.

"Chinese mainland is very rich in its natural and cultural resources, but many foreign visitors' perception of it as a tourism destination is limited to the Great Wall, Tian'anmen Square and the Temple of Heaven," said Yang Jinsong, a professor at the China Tourism Academy, who focuses on international tourism. "The truth is there is more than the Imperial Palace to explore in the mainland."

Beijing has been ramping up its tourism marketing globally since 2013, including advertisements on CNN, the BBC, the National Geographic Channel and Fox.

Ten cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Kunming, Chengdu, Chongqing, Shenyang, Dalian, Guilin and Xi'an, also allow transit passengers to visit them without a visa for two to three days. Local authorities have also organized promotions in European and American cities to promote their visa waiver policy to attract more visitors.

The commission said the city is considering a tax refund program, which would allow foreign visitors to claim tax refunds at shopping malls.

As for the Asia-Pacific region, Chinese mainland was ranked sixth, following Australia, Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong and New Zealand.

The World Economic Forum is conducted every two years and measures the competitiveness of 141 countries and economies based on 14 criteria, including business environment, travel and tourism policies, readiness of communication networks, infrastructure quality and natural resources.

Spain was No 1 for the first time. France and Germany were second and third followed by the United States in fourth. The UK, Switzerland, Australia, Italy, Japan and Canada are also among the top 10 destinations.

The report said the competitive gap between these advanced economies and emerging markets is closing.

Despite the progress in global competitiveness, Yang said the mainland's pollution, traffic congestion and tourism infrastructure are still undermining its competitiveness.

"The pollution is the major culprit in preventing many overseas visitors from coming to Beijing," said Yang. "The consistent and notorious smog is not an invitation but a warning against visiting and no one wants to spend their vacation choking in hazy smog."

Compared with other world-class tourist destination cities, Beijing has a lot of work to do to fully tap the potential of its tourism resources, he said.



Categories: Chinaganda

175 grave robbers arrested in biggest-ever tomb raid

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

The recovered artifacts: a coiled jade dragon.[Photo/xinhuanet.com.cn]

More than 170 tomb raiders have been arrested and 1,168 cultural relics recovered in an operation, said the Ministry of Public Security on Tuesday.

Described as the biggest swoop of its kind since the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, the ministry valued the looted artifacts at more than 500 million yuan ($80 million).

The tomb raiders are suspected of illegal excavations in Niuheliang, a Neolithic site in northeastern Liaoning province. Their activities have seriously damaged the site, said the ministry.

The recovered artifacts include a coiled jade dragon, one of the earliest known representations of the Chinese totem.

Police said the 175 tomb raiders, who belong to 10 gangs, had a clear division of labor covering the whole process from excavation to sales. More than 1,000 police officers participated in the operation.

Archeologists involved in the case

Four archeologists are suspected of participating in the tomb raid and selling the stolen artifacts.

An accused, surnamed Deng, an artisan at an archaeological institute in Northeast China's Liaoning province, allegedly stole a coiled jade dragon at a salvage excavation site in Sept 2010 and sold for 3.2 million yuan ($515,840) in 2012.

Illegal artifacts trading at excavation site

Artifacts dealers, who have certificates or run shops, help the artifacts excavation and sales by doing real-time business at the excavation sites.

An artifacts shop owner, surnamed Li, was engaged in illegal artifacts trading with the title of "president of the cultural industry fair association of Cazuo county in Liaoning province". He visited the excavation sites and offered money ranging from 10,000 to millions of yuan for the artifacts as they were excavated.

"Artifacts are sold at a fast speed and traded frequently in a short time," said Cai Binghui, a police officer who investigated the case.

A recovered artifact.[Photo/xinhuanet.com.cn]

A recovered artifact.[Photo/xinhuanet.com.cn]

Policemen show detectors the tomb robbers have used.[Photo/xinhuanet.com.cn]

Categories: Chinaganda

Ten photos you don't wanna miss - May 27

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

This photo taken on May 25 shows three kids dressed up as Taoist priests playing together. [Photo/CFP]

People use their sunshades and hats to block the sun when visiting the Qianmen Street in Beijing, May 25, 2015. The city's meteorological department issued this year's first blue alert.[Photo/Ecns.cn]

A giant panda dozes off at a zoo in Hangzhou, East China's Zhejiang province, May 24, 2015.[Photo/IC]

Situated at around 4,000 meters above sea level, thousands of red houses, homes to Buddhist monks and nuns, cover a hillside in Garze Tibetan autonomous county, Sichuan province. [Photo/CFP] 

Students trample the ballons to release pressure ahead of the Chinese national college entrance examination or Gaokao, in a middle school in Hefei, East China's Anhui province, May 26, 2015. [Photo/IC]

Pupils in Kuerle, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region perform ahead of the June 1 Children's Day, May 25, 2015. [Photo/IC]

More than 1,000 diners share traditional Chinese cuisine, bread soaked in fish head soup, from a giant 2.02-meter pot, at a Beijing restaurant, May 25. [Photo/IC]

Vehicles and pedestrians brave a heavy downpour in Foshan city, South China's Guangdong province, May 25.[Photo/CFP]

An Indian farmer sits in his dried up land in a village, Doddaballapur district, which is very close to Karnataka, India, May 26,2015. More than 500 people have died in a heat wave that has swept across India. [Photo/IC]

Queswachaca Bridge is rebuilt by local villagers as part of their annual tradition in the Cuzco region of Peru. One thousand villagers come together in a three-day feat in taking down the old Queswachaca Bridge and making a new one, with a grand celebration on the fourth day. [Photo/IC]


Categories: Chinaganda

Baoding plans to be center of urban hub

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

Baoding has drawn up a blueprint for transforming itself into a central city in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

Deputy Mayor Yan Liying made the remarks on Sunday during a city-development forum at Peking University.

"We are making efforts to make Baoding a central city during the integrated development of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei," she said. Baoding is in Hebei province.

Earlier this month, Baoding's urban-district area was expanded to 2,531 square kilometers from 312 square km. The move also increased the urban area's population to 2.8 million from 1.2 million.

"Baoding has the basic framework to nurture a regional central city," Yan said.

Compared with other cities near the capital, Baoding has some advantages in its quest to become a central city.

"Developing Baoding into a regional central city is feasible because the city is endowed with advantages in history, geography and industrial basis," she said.

Baoding, regarded as the southern gateway to the capital, was an important hub city in the past.

The city is at the center of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, about 130 km from Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei's capital city of Shijiazhuang.

Baoding residents can get to Beijing in 50 minutes by express train.

The modern industries of automobiles, new energy, textiles, green food, new construction materials and tourism are mature in Baoding, which includes leading, world-known enterprises such as Great Wall Motor Co and Yingli Solar, one of the world's largest solar panel manufacturers.

Yan said Baoding will map out special areas to facilitate the transferring of industries from Beijing and Tianjin, and will focus on developing newly emerging industries.

Contact the writers at zhangyu1@chinadaily.com.cn

Categories: Chinaganda

'Morality bank' aims to reward good Samaritans

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

A morality bank in a northeastern Chinese city has seen residents flocking to open accounts that enable them to exchange good deeds for free services.

Citizens in Yanji, Jilin province, can accumulate credits with the bank, operated by Danying Community, through tasks such as collecting plastic bags off the streets (10 points), handing in lost wallets (50 points) and donating blood (200 points).

Top credit-earning deeds include helping others in a dangerous situation (300 to 500 points) and donating hematopoietic stem cells (1,000 points).

Credits can be exchanged for rewards such as a free haircut (150 points), home cleaning (500 points) or a health check (1,200 points). People who collect more than 6,000 points will win the accolade "Models of Community Morals".

More than 600 citizens have opened accounts since the bank was established on May 14, said Wang Shuqing, a community official. "The phones have not stopped ringing," she said.

Emerging as a novel way to encourage kind acts in 2002 in several Chinese cities including Changsha and Wenzhou, morality banks have their critics, who say the program sullies good deeds because of its materialistic nature.

A college in central Hunan in 2007 also courted controversy by linking morality bank accounts with the performance evaluation of its students.

However, proponents argue that rewarding good deeds is important in a society allegedly struggling with a "moral decline".

"It is meaningful to record good people and good deeds with these moral points and use them as a standard for reward," said Zhang Yanyan, a local resident who opened an account.

Categories: Chinaganda

China's forgotten army

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

During the Japanese occupation of Manchuria and also during World War II, a small, Communist-led guerrilla force was at the forefront of resistance in Northeast China. Now, that contribution is set to win the respect it deserves, as He Na, Liu Mingtai and Han Junhong report from Changchun. 


The Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army, a communist-led guerrilla force, offered the largest resistance to Japan's occupation of northeastern China and the Manchukuo puppet regime it established in the area. Provided to China Daily

Cao Baoming is desperate to record as many stories as possible about events in the Changbai Mountains more than 70 years ago, when the 1,300-kilometer-long range was the main theater of resistance to the Japanese occupation of China.

No one knows exactly how many Chinese soldiers died in the fierce fighting that encompassed the mountains that separate China, Russia and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, but Cao is determined to discover as much as he can.

"So little has been recorded about NAJUA," said the vice-president of the Jilin Provincial Folk Literature and Art Society.

Cao was referring to the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army, a communist-led guerrilla force that offered the largest resistance to Japan's occupation of northeastern China and the Manchukuo puppet regime it had established.

"Japan used northeast China as the supply base for its more-distant military excursions. Without the constant attacks by NAJUA that diverted its attention and strength, the Japanese army would have found it easier to turn its aggression on the rest of China," he said.

"The Japanese had worked out many ways to cut NAJUA's supply lines, but the guerrillas persevered and launched attacks that forced the Japanese to divert forces for punitive expeditions against them," he added.

However, to Cao's dismay, very few files and documents relate to this important part of Chinese history. "Apart from the stories of Yang Jingyu and several other NAJUA leaders, people rarely know the history, let alone the stories of those unknown soldiers," he said.

Cao spent the last Lunar New Year holiday at a private nursing home for old soldiers, and during his visit, he met a NAJUA veteran.

"I was absolutely moved by his stories, which were so real and new to me," he said. "Oral history is one of the few ways we can learn about this guerrilla army. The surviving NAJUA veterans are part of a history that should be remembered."

Recording history

At the end of March, the 66-year-old set up a project to record the veterans' stories, hoping to glean more information about NAJUA.

He was overjoyed when the Jilin Civil Affairs Department released the names of 271 veterans, but his mood darkened as more details came to light.

Between March and the end of April, 27 of the veterans died, and of the others more than half were in very poor health, paralyzed and unable to speak. A further 10 percent had moved to unknown locations.

"It's very worrying that so few of them have comparatively clear minds and can recall details accurately. It's a race against time because the youngest is 87 and the oldest is 98," Cao said.

More than 30 volunteers traveled far and wide to visit veterans and record their stories. So far, the stories of 50 veterans have been detailed.

"I'm really grateful to the volunteers, because they did the work in their own time and paid the expenses out of their own pockets," Cao said.


From left to right) Liu Guowen, 89, Pan Fushun, 91, and Shen Delong, 92, are some of the surviving veterans of the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army. The three old soldiers have provided historians with a huge amount of information, but many of their former comrades are in poor health and require 24-hour care. He Na / China Daily

According to Wen Ye, historian and former curator of the NAJUA Museum in Harbin, capital of Heilongjiang province, the Japanese regarded the guerrillas as a cancer that greatly undermined their administration and derailed their military plans: "The important role NAJUA played in China's war against fascism made Manchukuo, the Japanese base, very unstable."

Wen said NAJUA's history can be divided into three phases: the Northeast anti-Japanese guerrillas: the Northeastern People's Revolutionary Army; and NAJUA.

Records at the Museum of Japanese Aggression in Changchun show that in 1934 all Communist Party units in the region were reorganized into a single force - the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army, under the leadership of Zhao Shangzhi, an energetic graduate of the Whampoa Military Academy.

The following year, the guerrilla army was opened to anyone willing to fight, a move that won the support of students, farmers and even some local bandits.

By NAJUA's 1937 heyday, troop numbers had swollen to more than 30,000, and its sphere of action encompassed more than 70 counties across Northeast China.

Earlier this year, Cao traveled to Baishan in Jilin to visit Huang Dianjun, a veteran who had been close to Yang Jingyu, a NAJUA commander.

When Cao arrived, Huang was lying under a quilt on a kang (brick-made bed) with only his long white beard showing. The 93-year-old's eyes were bright and gleaming, but he lost the ability to speak several years ago.

Huang's son said his father had often spoken about the difficult wartime conditions.

"In addition to fighting the Japanese army's encirclement and suppression, the NAJUA soldiers also had to fight nature," he said.

"He told me that in summer, the biggest threats were poisonous snakes and insects such as mosquitoes. The moment you realized a snake was hissing toward you was really terrible. In winter they had to walk in snow almost a meter deep, and many soldiers froze to death because they didn't have warm clothes or shoes," he said.

According to Wen, to cut the supply lines, the Japanese mopped up villages with connections with NAJUA, and forced the residents to leave their homes and live in camps. They also created a strip of "No Man's Land" and committed more than 500 massacres.

Baijia Puzi, a village in Tonghua city that was a NAJUA stronghold, was the site of one of the worst atrocities. The Japanese attacked in July 1936, killing 412 villagers. Only three people survived.

Old scars never healed

Nowadays, Liu Zhenyu has just one hobby - watching TV programs about the Japanese occupation, although he once almost destroyed the TV after viewing a scene in which NAJUA soldiers were executed in cold blood.

"I have many scars left by the Japanese," the 90-year-old said, lifting his shirt to display the scars on his abdomen, stomach and back.

For Liu, every scar signals a narrow escape from death, such as the time he was shot in the neck.

"The bullet hit me when I was carrying explosives to bomb a Japanese stronghold," he said. "Our weapons were very poor, and bullets and guns were very precious. All of us had done a lot of bayonet practice," he said, showing a scar on his abdomen incurred during a bayonet fight.

Bai Qingchen, from Miaoling village in Fusong county, clenched his fists in rage as he described witnessing Japanese soldiers cutting the hearts out of dead Chinese troops before decapitating the corpses and hanging the severed heads from the branches of trees.

Bai joined NAJUA at age 18. "My first task was to deliver intelligence to three CPC members outside our town," he said.

The Japanese killed civilians randomly, so villagers avoided places where they might encounter the troops. However, on the day he carried the information, Bai was stopped by a detachment of Japanese soldiers.

"They were 50 meters away, so I quickly hid the intelligence in my left shoe," he said.

"Two Japanese holding guns came forward and asked who I was. The Japanese forced children in Manchukuo to learn their language, so I replied in Japanese and told them I was a student," he said.

Bai was searched, but the soldiers failed to find the messages he was carrying. "I tried to remain calm, but my heart was beating very fast. They told me to report to them if I heard anything about NAJUA. I told them I would, but inside I was smiling and thinking 'I'm the person you've been looking for!'" he said. Using his student cover identity, Bai successfully delivered many messages.

Revenge attacks

However, retribution was the order of the day, according to Wen: "Under the leadership of the CPC, NAJUA killed many Japanese and puppet army soldiers, so the Japanese carried out crazy acts of revenge that caused huge casualties to NAJUA, including several top leaders."

Bai witnessed one of the cruelest acts. "The Japanese killed commander Yang Jingyu in 1940. They put his head in a glass case and ordered four Chinese to parade it around the villages in our county. I couldn't helping crying when I saw his head with its square face and long beard," he said.

By 1940, only about 1,000 NAJUA troops were left, so they were evacuated to the Soviet Union to recover.

"Most of my comrades were killed. Very few survived," Bai said.

"I've outlived all of my former comrades. I have enough food and I sleep in a warm house in winter. I need nothing more," he said.

Cao believes the NAJUA troops were the unsung heroes of China's struggle against Japan, and their memory should be honored accordingly.

"Every time I say goodbye to one of these veterans, I worry that it may be our last meeting. These old men are heroes of our country. Now they are in the autumns of their lives, and they deserve the very best we can provide for them," he said.

Contact the writer at: hena@chinadaily.com.cn



Categories: Chinaganda

Safety watchdog sends team to probe fatal fire in nursing home

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

Fire breaks out in a nursing home at Sanlihe village of Lushan county in Pingdingshan city of Central China's Henan province on Monday.[Photo/chinanews.com]

ZHENGZHOU - China's top work safety watchdog dispatched a task force Tuesday to investigate a fire in Central China's Henan province and punish those responsible.

Sun Huashan, deputy director of the State Administration of Work Safety and head of the task force, pledged to discover the cause of the fire, which killed 38 people and injured another six at a rest home Monday night.

The inferno at a row of bungalows at the privately owned Kangleyuan Rest Home in Lushan county, Pingdingshan, started at 7:33 pm, according to the provincial publicity office on Tuesday morning.President Xi Jinping ordered "all-out efforts" to treat the injured, comfort families of the dead and "properly handle" the aftermath of the fire. He demanded a thorough investigation into the cause.

Premier Li Keqiang also gave instructions, urging full efforts to rescue victims and console their family members. He called for officials to draw lessons from the accident to avoid similar incidents.

The blaze swept through the 130-bed complex, where 51 senior citizens lived, before being put out at 8:22 pm.

"We will severely penalize authorities and individuals responsible for the fire and try to prevent similar disasters from happening again," said Sun.

The official also promised timely disclosure of the progress of the investigation.

Guo Xin, a 78-year-old man survived the fire,  noted the "bad quality" of the burned dorms, which he said were "built with iron sheets and without foundations".The Ministry of Public Security held an emergency video conference Tuesday evening to deploy safety work after the Henan fire.

"We must draw profound lessons from the fire, paid for with blood, and always place the safety of people's lives and property on the top priority," Public Security Minister Guo Shengkun told the conference.

Guo, also a State Councilor, urged the public security authorities to respond quickly and eliminate potential safety hazards in schools, kindergartens, rest homes, expressways, mountain roads and tunnels.

"Any problem or potential danger should by no means be neglected," he said.

The home's legal representative is in police custody and all workers at the home have been taken away to assist with police investigation.

The rest home project was approved by local civil affairs authorities in 2010. It covers an area of two hectares.

Categories: Chinaganda

China cautions US over South China Sea

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

China has rebuked US criticism blaming China for tensions in the South China Sea, and instead criticized the United States for stoking the fire.

Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying dismissed the freedom of navigation concern raised by US officials, in particular by Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Daniel Russel in Washington on May 21.

Hua said that for a long time there has never been any problem concerning freedom of navigation and over-flight in the South China Sea that all countries are entitled to under international law.

"Nor will there be any in the future," she told a daily briefing in Beijing on Monday.

But Hua noted that freedom of navigation and over-flight are not tantamount to violating international law by foreign military vessels and aircraft in defiance of the legitimate rights and interests as well as the safety of over-flight and navigation by other countries.

"The close reconnaissance conducted by the US military aircraft of China's maritime features is highly likely to cause miscalculation and untoward incidents in the waters and airspace, and is utterly dangerous and irresponsible," she said.

Hua's comments came after a CNN news crew aboard a US Air Force P8-A Poseidon surveillance plane on May 20 reported that it heard the Chinese PLA Navy warn the plane eight times to leave as it flew over a Chinese island in the South China Sea.

When asked if conducting such surveillance flight is smart diplomacy, Russel contended that the plane was in international airspace and waters.

"We will continue to fully exercise our rights globally to the international space," he told the press on May 21.

The US has also complained about intercepts of its surveillance planes by Russian fighter jets. But when Russian military aircraft flew close to the US air defense zone in Alaska or airspace near its NATO allies in recent months, it triggered a saber-rattling response from the US military, politicians and news media.

Hua said China firmly opposes the US provocation and has lodged strong representations with the US.

"I'd like to reiterate that China's determination to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity is as firm as a rock. We urge the US side to correct its mistake, stay rational and cease irresponsible words and deeds," she said.

According to Hua, China and ASEAN countries are fully and effectively implementing the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC). Consultations on a code of conduct are making steady progress and all parties are striving to seal the code of conduct based on consensus, she said.

"The US is not a party concerned to the South China Sea issue. Instead of stirring up trouble, it should show full respect for efforts by China and ASEAN countries, be discreet with words and actions and create an enabling environment for the consultation," Hua said.

In the briefing on May 21 about Secretary of State John Kerry's recent trip to China and South Korea, Russel pointed fingers at China for causing tension in the South China Sea with land reclamations and lack of progress on the diplomatic front in reaching a code of conduct with ASEAN.

"I have to say that, as a diplomat with considerable experience working with the Chinese to get things done, I know that they can be marvelously productive and efficient," Russel said.

"And so I know of no reason why China and the ASEAN countries cannot successfully negotiate a code of conduct by the time they meet at leaders' level in Kuala Lumpur in November of this year, and that is certainly something that I would like to see,"

Many Chinese hold the view that intervention by the US in the maritime territorial dispute has complicated the situation when the US is eager to assure its allies and protect its primacy in the region.

Fu Ying, chairwoman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National People's Congress, China's legislature, and a former vice foreign minister, said last week that China sees inconsistencies at play.

"When China's neighbors act provocatively on territorial issues, the US turns its head away. Yet when China defends its interests, it is described as either assertive or a bully," she said on May 19 in remarks about China's economic growth at the University of Chicago.

There is a growing concern that China and the US, the world's two largest economies, are drifting into geopolitical rivalry such as in the South China Sea despite their growing economic interdependence.

Writing in the China US Focus on May 22, Joan Johnson-Freese, a professor at the US Naval War College, said that both countries understand that a military confrontation between them over sovereignty issues relating to the South China Sea is not in either country's interests. But she pointed out that "neither is willing to budge from what it considers actions key to protecting vital national interests."


Categories: Chinaganda

Nansha Islands construction 'befits China's international responsibilities'

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

Ouyang Yujing, directorgeneral of the Foreign Ministry's Department of Boundary and Ocean Affairs

Construction work by China on some garrisoned islands and reefs on its Nansha Islands was defended by a senior Chinese diplomat on Tuesday.

Such work is proceeding "at a pace and on a scale befitting its (China's) international responsibilities and obligations", the diplomat said.

Ouyang Yujing, director-general of the Chinese Foreign Ministry's Department of Boundary and Ocean Affairs, was responding to accusations that China's construction activities on some islands and reefs are outpacing and "outsizing" those by other countries in the South China Sea.

"China is a big country that shoulders more international responsibilities and obligations," he said.

These responsibilities include "search and rescue, disaster prevention and mitigation, meteorological observation, ecological conservation, navigation safety and fishery services", he said.

The work is designed to "provide better services for the ships of China, its neighbors and other countries whose ships and boats pass through the South China Sea", he said.

US officials, including Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Daniel Russel, have claimed recently that equitable resolution of disputes and freedom of navigation are being "challenged" by Chinese activities in the South China Sea.

Ouyang said freedom of navigation and overflights in the region have never been affected by such disputes.

Construction and maintenance of facilities on China's garrisoned islands and reefs "will not undermine countries' freedom of navigation", he said.

"On the contrary, it will facilitate joint response to challenges on the sea and provide for increased safety of navigation," he said.

China has accused the Philippines and some other countries of illegally occupying some islands and reefs in the Nansha Islands.

Ouyang stressed that China's construction activities and those of other countries are "totally different in nature", and again urged the other nations to immediately withdraw their personnel and facilities from the islands and reefs they have occupied illegally.

Speculation has arisen over whether China will establish an Air Defense Identification Zone in the South China Sea once the construction is completed.

Ouyang said China has the right to establish an ADIZ, and this has nothing to do with territorial or maritime disputes.

He also dismissed speculation that Chinese construction on the islands and reefs is aimed at bolstering the legal status of the Nansha Islands.

China's sovereignty and relevant claims to rights in the South China Sea have been formed in "the long course of history" and upheld by successive Chinese governments, he said.

"This position has adequate historical and legal basis. There is no need to have it strengthened through construction activities on the islands and reefs."

Categories: Chinaganda

An Interview on China's Construction Activities on the Nansha Islands and Reefs

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

On 26 May 2015, Mr. Ouyang Yujing, Director-General of the Department of Boundary and Ocean Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, received a written interview by journalists from China Daily on China's construction activities on some garrisoned islands and reefs of the Nansha Islands. The full text of the interview is as follows:

1. Why is China conducting construction activities on the Nansha islands and reefs? What are the purposes? Does China intend to increase military presence in the South China Sea as other parties have argued?

China's construction activities on the Nansha islands and reefs are aimed at first and foremost improving the working and living conditions for personnel stationed there and better fulfilling China's relevant international responsibilities and obligations. It needs to be emphasized that the Nansha Islands is China's territory, and China has every right to deploy on relevant islands and reefs necessary facilities for military defense. However, the facilities on relevant islands and reefs are primarily for civilian purposes.

China is committed to a path of peaceful development, a defense policy that is defensive in nature and a foreign policy of building friendship and partnership with her neighbors. Therefore, China is a staunch force for peace and stability in the region. China has signed with ASEAN countries the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC), acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC), and undertaken to peacefully resolve differences or disputes with countries directly concerned through negotiation or consultation without resorting to the threat or use of force. On the South China Sea issue, China is always committed to resolving relevant disputes through negotiation and consultation with countries directly concerned on the basis of respect for historical facts and international law, and making joint efforts with ASEAN countries to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea.

2. What civil and public facilities will China develop on the islands and reefs? What services will be provided to the region and the international community?

The Nansha Islands is in a distant sea area with busy shipping routes and vulnerable to marine perils. One of the important purposes of China's construction activities on the islands and reefs is to fulfill her relevant international responsibilities and obligations, such as maritime search and rescue, disaster prevention and mitigation, marine scientific research, meteorological observation, ecological environment preservation, safety of navigation and fishery production, and to provide necessary services to vessels from China, her neighbors and other countries sailing in the South China Sea. To that end, it is necessary to build runway, pier, telecommunication, meteorological, navigation safety, and environmental observation facilities, etc.

3. China has been emphasizing the civil and public nature of her construction activities. Will the facilities to be developed be open to the international community?

The primary purpose of China's construction activities on the Nansha islands and reefs is to better fulfill her relevant international responsibilities and obligations. When conditions are ripe, China will invite relevant countries and international organizations to use relevant facilities for cooperation in maritime search and rescue as well as in other areas. China will make overall plans about what facilities to be open to the international community based on comprehensive planning after the completion of development.

4. Some believe that China's construction activities on the islands and reefs are aimed to intensify the legal status of the Nansha Islands and the country's claim on the dotted line. What is your comment?

China's sovereignty and relevant claims of rights in the South China Sea have been formed in the long course of history and upheld by successive Chinese governments. This position has adequate historical and legal basis. There is no need to have it strengthened through construction activities on relevant islands and reefs.

5. Will China's construction activities on the islands and reefs do harm to the ecological environment in the South China Sea? What steps has China taken to mitigate the impact on the environment?

The Nansha Islands is China's territory. No one cares more than China about the ecological preservation of relevant islands, reefs and sea areas. It needs to be pointed out that China's relevant construction project has gone through science-based evaluation and assessment, with equal importance given to construction and protection. We have taken into full account issues of ecological preservation and fishery protection, followed strict environmental protection standards and requirements in the construction process, and adopted many effective measures to preserve the ecological environment. We will further step up our efforts of ecological monitoring and preservation on the relevant islands, reefs and waters. In addition, as a State Party to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the United Nations Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), China will strictly observe provisions of the conventions and honor her obligations in good faith.

6. Will China's construction activities on the islands and reefs affect freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea? Will China establish an Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) in the South China Sea once the construction activities are completed?

Freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea that countries enjoy in accordance with international law has never been affected because of the relevant disputes in the South China Sea. China's construction and maintenance of facilities on some garrisoned islands and reefs of the Nansha Islands will help improve the capacity of China and the international community in maritime search and rescue, meteorological observation and safety of navigation. It will not undermine countries' freedom of navigation in the South China Sea. On the contrary, it will facilitate joint response to challenges on the sea and provide more guarantee for safety of navigation.

China has the right to establish an ADIZ. This has nothing to do with territorial or maritime disputes. Whether China will set up an ADIZ in the South China Sea depends on whether and to what extent the security of airspace is threatened as well as other factors. Currently, the situation in the South China Sea is stable on the whole. China and ASEAN countries are committed to the full and effective implementation of the DOC in an effort to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea.

7. Are China's construction activities on the islands and reefs a response to the arbitration initiated by the Philippines concerning the South China Sea and to influence the proceedings by the arbitral tribunal?

China has indisputable sovereignty over the Nansha Islands and their adjacent waters. The construction activities there are within China's sovereignty and have nothing to do with any other matters. China does not accept or participate in the arbitration initiated by the Philippines. This is the position of the Chinese government, fully supported by international law.

8. Some say China's construction activities on the islands and reefs contravene the DOC. Is this the case?

China is committed to the full and effective implementation of the DOC and respects and abides by the principle, spirit and provisions of the DOC. China's construction activities on relevant islands and reefs in Nansha are lawful and justified, and do not run counter to the DOC.

It must be pointed out that the DOC applies to China as much as to ASEAN countries concerned. A certain country, in disregard of the DOC, has been acting provocatively to infringe on China's rights and interests and obstruct practical cooperation within the framework of the DOC. Its unilateral initiation of arbitration complicates and escalates the disputes in the South China Sea and jeopardizes peace and stability in the South China Sea. China calls on parties concerned to work with the Chinese side to ensure the full and effective implementation of the DOC and stay committed to the "dual track approach" to properly handle the South China Sea issue and manage the differences, so as to promote joint development and practical maritime cooperation and contribute to peace and stability of the region and to sound growth of China-ASEAN relations.

9. China has been stressing that her construction activities on the islands and reefs are lawful, reasonable and justified. But why does China criticize other countries for their construction activities on the islands and reefs?

The Nansha Islands has been an inseparable part of China's territory since ancient times. It is within China's sovereignty to conduct construction activities on her own islands and reefs, which are lawful, reasonable, justified and beyond reproach. Since the 1970s, the Philippines and some other countries have illegally occupied and then engaged in massive construction on some islands and reefs of China's Nansha islands. It has seriously violated China's territorial sovereignty, the Charter of the United Nations and the basic norms governing international relations. China is firmly against such moves. The construction activities by China and those by these countries are totally different in nature. China urges the Philippines and other countries to immediately withdraw their personnel and facilities from the islands and reefs they have illegally occupied, and immediately stop all activities that undermine China's territorial sovereignty and her legitimate rights and interests.

10. Some countries say China's construction activities outpace and outsize those by other countries in the South China Sea. What is your response?

China is a big country that shoulders more international responsibilities and obligations. China is conducting construction activities at a pace and with a scale as befitted her international responsibilities and obligations in the field of search and rescue, disaster prevention and mitigation, meteorological observation, ecological conservation, navigation safety and fishery services. These activities are designed to serve practical needs and provide better services to the ships of China, her neighbors and other countries whose ships and boats pass through the South China Sea.

11. Do China's construction activities on the islands and reefs signal a shift in her policy regarding the South China Sea?

It is China's consistent strategy to uphold peace and stability in her neighborhood. China is the last country that wants to see chaos in the South China Sea. Still less will China do anything to stir up troubles. While working to maintain her territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests, China will stay committed to the basic policy of upholding peace and stability in the South China Sea and the fundamental solution to the South China Sea issue through negotiation and consultation. China seeks to effectively manage differences by fully and effectively implementing the DOC and formulating a Code of Conduct (COC) and other institutions and rules. Pending the final solution, China will pursue the win-win approach of joint development and maritime cooperation. Such is China's policy on the South China Sea issue, a policy that shall not and will not change.


Categories: Chinaganda

China discovers huge oil deposit

China Daily - 6 hours 24 min ago

BEIJING -- China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) announced on Tuesday that it has discovered a major "tight oil deposit" in Northwest China's Shaanxi province.

Tight oil is an unconventional energy, which exits in petroleum-bearing formations like shale or sandstone. Commercial production usually requires similar technology to shale gas production.

The CNPC estimated the reserve in the deposit is around 100 million tonnes, the largest one ever discovered in China, and will produce 700,000 tonnes of tight oil annually.

China is one of the world's largest oil buyers, and nearly 60 percent of its oil consumption comes from imports.

To keep external dependence under 61 percent, the government is assessing solar and wind power as well as unconventional energy including shale gas and tight oil.

Categories: Chinaganda

The Tank Man 6-4

Mark Roswell aka Da Shan

Best Friends Forever: Canada and China