CoVid-19 Corona Virus Face Mask Requirements by Country

Requirements to wear a cloth face mask, by country is evolving. Starting in Asia, acceptance has spread worldwide. This is an evolving situation, with more countries mandating use with time and social acceptance.

Maskenpflicht (mask duty) in German

Government Guidance Articles

  • EU: Austria: Austria, in a shift, requires mask-wearing in supermarkets to cut pandemic’s spread
  • Czech Republic: Czechs get to work making masks after government decree: Slovakia and the Czech Republic require masks in public

    “The Czech Republic is one of the few in Europe that has significantly slowed down the spread of the virus,” the narrator says. “The main difference is that everyone who has to leave their house has to wear a mask…

    “The students are making hundreds and hundreds of masks,” said Alice Klouzkova, an assistant and teacher at the academy’s fashion design studio. “Most of them have sewing machines at home and are happy to work with their hands. It’s important that the material is made with 100% cotton so it can be sterilised.””

  • Germany, Jena: In ‘Big Adjustment,’ Some European Countries Push For Residents To Wear Masks

    German Chancellor Angela Merkel said Wednesday that masks should be worn on public transport and in shops as Germany cautiously begins to ease curbs imposed to halt contagion of the coronavirus pandemic.

    “It is recommended that masks be used in public transport and while shopping,” Merkel told journalists after talks with regional leaders from Germany’s 16 states.

    Jena, a city in eastern Germany, announced this week that within several days it will be compulsory to wear a mask in supermarkets and on public transit — but the German government as a whole has issued no such recommendation.

  • Germany: Germany recommends face masks in shops and public transport
  • Germany:

    New rules have come into force legally requiring most people in Germany to wear face masks on public transport, long-distance trains and in shops…

    A poll by the Kantar market research institute found that acceptance for mask wearing was extremely high, with 97% of those asked saying they supported the rule and recognised the importance of keeping it to help tackle coronavirus.

  • Czech Republic, Slovakia and Bosnia-Herzegovina: Should all Americans be wearing face masks to protect against coronavirus? Trump, Fauci are closer to saying yes: The Czech Republic, Slovakia and Bosnia-Herzegovina now require people to wear masks in public, while Austria requires their use in grocery stores.
  • Italy, Lombardi: Lombardy insists on face masks outside homes to stop Covid-19: Extremely late, after so much carnage, but better than never

    Authorities in Lombardy, the Italian region worst affected by coronavirus, have introduced a law obliging citizens to wear face masks when they go outside…

    Lombardy’s president, Attilio Fontana, announcing the new law there, said people should “cover their mouths and noses” with a simple scarf, saying it would help “prevent you from spreading the virus if you happen to be a carrier”…

    The Lombardy law will be in place at least until 13 April, when Italy’s lockdown is due to expire.

  • France: Abrupt reversals on face mask policy raise new questions

    France’s Académie Nationale de Médecine (Academy of Medicine) announced Friday that a mask should be compulsory during outings both during and after the current lockdown.

  • France sets €135 fine for no mask on public transport: France makes mask wearing compulsory for public transit and school buses, effective 2020 May 11
  • Britain UK: Face coverings to become mandatory on public transport: From 15 June, face coverings will be required while using public transport in England.

  • US: California Department of Public Health: page does not respond

    City of San Diego:
    4/2 Press Conference Updates:

    Mandatory non-medical-grade masks to be worn by workers at businesses that interact with the public including grocery stores, pharmacies, and gas stations source

    The order will make it mandatory for businesses that interact with the public to use cloth face coverings for their employees starting Saturday; that includes grocery stores, pharmacies, gas stations and restaurants…

    The general public will not be required to wear facial coverings but will be urged to do so when out in public for essential activities, according to the new order.

    Medical-grade masks should not be used but homemade masks, bandanas, scarves and neck gaiters are acceptable since the items can be washed and reused. source

  • Los Angeles: City of L.A. guidance on wearing face coverings in public

    In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the City of Los Angeles has issued new guidance to L.A. residents on the importance of wearing face coverings in public…

    Early data suggests that many who are infected with COVID-19 are not symptomatic, which is why we recommend all members of the public wear cloth face coverings when leaving the house for essential activities.

  • california, Orange CountyBusiness owners and some government officials face anger and threats over face mask requirements.

    When Dr. Nichole Quick, the health officer in Orange County, Calif., issued an order requiring all residents to wear masks when in public last month, the backlash was swift — and personal…

    By last week, Dr. Quick had resigned as county health officer, and county officials had reversed the order, making face coverings optional in the county of 3 million, where new reported cases and hospitalizations have trended slightly upward…

    The abrupt turnaround is perhaps one of the most pronounced examples of the backlash facing officials who promote face mask requirements, as face masks increasingly become a flash point. Support for face masks has often fallen along partisan lines, despite federal health recommendations and recent research that suggest that face masks could be critical to stopping the spread of the virus. Mr. Trump has largely declined to wear a mask in public.

    Officials and business owners alike have faced pushback. In the Houston area, the county judge was sued over an order requiring face masks. Costco faced threats of boycotts over a similar requirement for its stores. And in Stillwater, Okla., north of Oklahoma City, an order requiring residents to wear face masks inside stores and restaurants was quickly rescinded last month, after an uprising among customers.

  • California orders people to wear masks in most indoor spaces

    California on Thursday started requiring people throughout the state to wear masks in most indoor settings and outdoors when distancing isn’t possible as the coronavirus continues to spread…

    The state order requires people to wear masks when inside or in line for any indoor public spaces, in health care settings like hospitals and pharmacies, while waiting for or riding public transportation, and in outdoor spaces where it’s not possible to stay six feet (1.8 meters) apart from others.

  • New York City: Face Coverings:Frequently Asked Questions

    The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene recommends that all New Yorkers wear a face covering when outside of their hometo help stop the spread ofcoronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19).

  • New York State: New York Orders Residents to Wear Masks in Public

    Imposing a stricter measure to control the spread of the coronavirus, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said on Wednesday that he would start requiring people in New York to wear masks or face coverings in public whenever social distancing was not possible.

    The order will take effect on Friday and will apply to people who are unable to keep six feet away from others in public settings, such as on a bus or subway, on a crowded sidewalk or inside a grocery store.

  • Maryland: Marylanders are required to wear a face mask. How do you make one? And other frequently asked mask questions.

    Officials in Maryland will begin enforcing the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s recent recommendation that people wear cloth face coverings over their noses and mouths when they enter public places such as grocery stores to slow the spread of the new coronavirus.

  • New Jersey: New Jersey orders residents to wear masks in grocery stores, N.J.’s new coronavirus rules for grocery shopping. Masks, store limits, everything you need to know.
  • Pennsylvania: Order of the Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Health Directing Public Health Safety Measures for Businesses Permitted to Maintain In-person Operations

    B.In addition to the above, the following measures apply to businesses, other than health care providers, that serve the public within a building or a defined area:…

    (6)require all customers to wear masks while on premises,and deny entry to individuals not wearing masks, unless the business is providing medication, medical supplies, or food, in which case the business must provide alternative methods of pick-up or delivery of such goods;however, individuals who cannot wear a mask due to a medical condition(including children under the age of 2 years per CDC guidance)may enter the premises and are not required to provide documentation of such medical condition;

  • Illinois: Guidance on the Use of Masks by the General Public

    All Illinoisans should wear as mask or face covering when they must leave their home or report to work for essential operations and they either cannot or it is impractical to maintain 6 feet of physical distance between themselves and others. Examples include:

    • Shopping at essential businesses, like grocery stores or pharmacies,
    • Picking up food from the drive thru or curbside pickup,
    • While visiting your health care provider,
    • Traveling on public transportation,
    • Interacting with customers, clients, or coworkers at essential businesses,
    • Performing essential services for state and local government agencies, such as laboratory testing, where close interactions with other people are unavoidable, and
    • When feeling sick, coughing, or sneezing.

    Probably the best press release of any government body so far. Clear information, with examples, and the reasoning behind the requirement.

  • Florida: Florida does not have a mandate by the Governor of Florida specific to facial coverings. This is covered by each individual city and thus varies.
  • Florida, Palm Beach: Palm Beach, Order No. 2020-004:

    All other persons physically present in any public place in Palm Beach County are strongly urged to wear facial coverings as defined by the CDC

  • Florida, Monroe: Monroe County

    5. Covering of Nose and Mouth. Except as provided herein, effective at 12:01 a.m. on May 04, 2020:
    a Except as provided for in paragraph 3g, all employees and customers of businesses shann be required to wear a form of covering over their nose and mouth at all times while inside such business. All individuals providing delivery services shall wear a form of covering over their nose and moutn while making deliveries.

  • Florida, Miami-Dade: Miami-Dade

    1. Persons working in or visiting grocery stores, restaurants, pharmacies, construction sites, public transit vehicles, vehiclesfor hire and locations where social distancing measures are not possible shall wear facial coverings as defined by the CDC

  • Florida, North Miami: North Miami

    Section 1.Covering of Nose and Mouth.
    a) Except as provided herein, all employees and customers of grocery stores, hardware stores, pharmacies and restaurants arerequiredto wear a form of covering over their noses and mouths,at all times,whileinside the grocery store, hardware store, pharmacy or restaurant facility. All individuals providing delivery services shall wear a form of covering over their noses and mouths while making deliveries.

  • Florida, Miami Beach: Miami Beach, original doc

    ALL employees and patrons visiting essential retail and commercial businesses must wear a form of covering over their nose and mouth at all times. If you are visiting one of our open parks/greenspaces and/or beachwalks/baywalks, you must wear a face covering at all times, unless engaging in strenuous physical activity or exercise. This does not apply to children under the age of 2 or person’s who have trouble breathing due to chronic pre-existing conditions. All individuals providing delivery services to the public must wear a form of covering over their nose and mouth while making deliveries.

  • Florida, Jacksonville, Duval Jacksonville changes course, issues face mask mandate

    The order that goes into effect at 5 p.m. Monday will be for indoor locations only, a city spokeswoman said. It will not be required outdoors, for anyone under 2 years old, for anyone with breathing problems or while at a table at a restaurant.

    City officials said the beaches area is included in the mandate and masks are required anywhere inside where people are unable to socially distance.


    Section 1.All persons who are providing essential services, as defined by the Governor’s Executive prder 20-91, as amended, shall wear a facial covering during in-person interactions with the public. Members of the public shall use a facial covering when obtaining essential services.

  • Florida, Gadsden Gadsden County reinstates mandatory mask-wearing order, effective 2020 May 22
  • Colorado, Denver: Wearing & Making Face Coverings

    As of Wednesday, May 6, 2020, face coverings are mandatory while inside of or waiting in line to enter any retail or commercial business, or any location or facility offering government of health care services, and waiting for or riding on public transportation.

  • Colorado: Executive Order D 2020 138, Guidance for wearing masks, effective 2020 Jul 16

    Under Executive Order D 2020 110, mask wearing is mandatory for employees,
    contractors, and others providing services for Mass Transportation Operations and Critical
    Businesses as well as for State and county employees and the individuals they serve at
    Government Offices and Facilities. These requirements remain intact with this Executive Order.

    This Executive Order amends and extends Executive Orders D 2020 039, D 2020 067, D
    2020 092, and D 2020 110 to protect Coloradans by requiring individuals in Colorado to wear a
    non-medical face covering over their nose and mouth, subject to several exceptions…

    Except as permitted by Paragraphs L, M, and N, below, all individuals over ten
    (10) years old must wear a face covering over their nose and mouth when entering
    or moving within any Public Indoor Space, as such term is defined in Paragraph R
    of this Executive Order, or while using or waiting to use the services of any taxi,
    bus, light rail, train, car service, ride-sharing or similar service, or Mass
    Transportation Operations.

  • Texas: Gov. Greg Abbott orders Texans in most counties to wear masks in public

    The order requires Texans living in counties more than 20 coronavirus cases to wear a face covering over the nose and mouth while in a business or other building open to the public, as well as outdoor public spaces, whenever social distancing is not possible.

  • Texas, Bexar County As Cases Surge, Arizona Switches Course and Lets Cities Require Masks
    Bexar County, which includes San Antonio, is ordering businesses to require employees and customers to wear face masks when they are unable to observe social distancing. County Judge Nelson Wolff issued the order Wednesday, a day after the county confirmed 436 new cases, its biggest single-day increase.


    The Health and Safety Policy must require, at a minimum, that all employees or visitors to the commercial entity’s business premises or other facilities wear face coverings in an area or while performing an activity which will necessarily involve close contact or proximity to co-workers or the public where six feet of separation is not feasible…

    ll people 10 years or older shall wear a face covering over their nose and mouth when in a public place where it is difficult to keep six feet away from other people or working in areas that involve close proximity with other coworkers.

  • Texas, El Paso COVID-19 UpdateCity Reports Three Deaths,AmendsDirectives and Expands Testing

    are amending the current Local Emergency Directive to make face coverings mandatory…

    All individuals over the age of two (2), are required to wear some form of face covering over their nose and mouth, while outside of their home or residence.

  • Michigan: Executive Order 2020-110 (COVID-19) (June 1, 2020): starting 2020 June 08

    4. Any individual who leaves his or her home or place of residence must:
    b. Wear a face covering over his or her nose and mouth—such as a homemade mask, scarf, bandana, or handkerchief—when in any enclosed public space, unless the individual is unable medically to tolerate a face covering.

    1. An individual may be required to temporarily remove a face covering upon entering an enclosed public space for identification purposes. An individual may also remove a face covering to eat or drink when seated at a restaurant or bar.

    2. Businesses and building owners, and those authorized to act on their behalf, are permitted to deny entry or access to any individual who refuses to comply with the rule in this subsection (b). Businesses and building owners will not be subject to a claim that they have violated the covenant of quiet enjoyment, to a claim of frustration of purpose, or to similar claims for denying entry or access to a person who refuses to comply with this subsection (b).

  • Maine: Governor Mills Extends Maine’s Stay At Home Order: April 29, 2020

    Additionally, and as Governor Mills also announced yesterday, the order requires Maine people to wear cloth face coverings in public places where physical distancing is difficult to maintain, as recommended by the U.S. CDC. The order identifies public settings as: indoor spaces that are accessible to the public such as grocery stores, retail stores, pharmacies and health care facilities; outdoor spaces such as playgrounds, busy parking lots, and other areas such as lines for take-out service where the public typically gathers in a smaller area; and public transportation such as a taxi, Uber, Lyft, ride-sharing or similar service; ferry, bus, or train; and any semi-enclosed transit stop or waiting area… This requirement is effective Friday, May 1st.

  • Delaware: Governor Carney Requires Delawareans to Wear Face Coverings in Public Settings
    Under Governor Carney’s modified order, businesses must also take certain steps to keep their employees and customers safe.

    By 8:00 a.m. on Friday, May 1, businesses must:

    1. Require employees to wear a face covering while working in areas open to the public and in areas where coming within 6 feet of other staff is likely.
    2. Provide, at the business’ expense, face coverings and hand sanitizer for their employees.
    3. Deny entry to individuals who do not have a face covering – or if one is not available for them.
    4. If any business denying entry is providing medication, medical supplies, or food, the business must provide alternate methods of pickup or delivery.
  • Massachusetts Wear a Mask in Public

    Governor Baker has issued an Order effective Wednesday, May 6 requiring face masks or cloth face coverings in public places where social distancing is not possible. This applies to both indoor and outdoor spaces.

    Any person who is in a place open to the public in the Commonwealth, when unable to maintain a distance of approximately six feet from every other person, shall cover their mouth and nose with a mask or cloth face-covering. Masks are required at all times when:

    1. Inside or waiting in line outside of grocery stores, pharmacies, and other retail stores;
    2. Providing or using the services of any taxi, car, livery, ride-sharing, or similar service;
    3. On any form of public transit, including train or bus; and
    4. In an enclosed or semi-enclosed transit stop or waiting area.


  • Arizona: Phoenix Phoenix Requires Face Coverings

    The declaration goes into effec​​t on Saturday, Jun​e 20, 2020 at 6 a.m. and requires every person in the city of Phoenix, ages six and over, shall cover their nose and mouth whenever they are away from their home or residence and within six feet of another person who is not a member of their family or household.

    Any business whose employees cannot observe physical distancing, must require face coverings; including those that interact with the public. Businesses also have the right to refuse service to anyone not wearing a face covering.

  • Arizona Tuscon, Pima County: Supervisors enact Countywide face mask rule

    The Pima County Board of Supervisors June 19 voted 3-2 to enact a countywide public health protection resolution requiring the wearing of face coverings when in public if 6 feet of physical distancing cannot be maintained. The Board took the action on the advice of the Back to Business Road to Recovery subcommittee, which is comprised of public health experts and physicians who specifically noted their concern about the recent surge in positive COVID-19 cases in the county.

    The rule is effective immediately and applies to everyone over the age of 5. It’s applicable in all public places, which are defined as: “[A]ny place, indoor or outdoor, that is open to the public and includes, but is not limited to, businesses or other establishments where people assemble or members of the general public may enter; offices; public buildings, highways and parks, and public transportation including taxis and ride sharing.”

  • Arizona, Scottsdale: Masks mandatory in Scottsdale beginning June 19

    …The proclamation requires people to cover nose and mouth within all public accommodations within the city, which includes grocery stores, pharmacies, restaurants and bars, gyms and similar facilities, retail stores, special events and public transit. Businesses that interact with the public must require employees to wear face coverings as well.

  • Alabama, Montgomery Executive order
    Effective at 5 PM on Friday June 19, 2020 face coverings or masks are required in public places in the City of Montgomery

    …Be it ordered by the Mayor of Montgomery that face coverings or “masks” shall be required in public places within the city to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus disease, known as CoVid-19.

    effective 2020 Jul 16

  • Alabama: Governor Ivey Issues Amended Safer at Home Order

    Governor Kay Ivey on Wednesday issued…an amended Safer at Home Order that includes a statewide mask requirement. Individuals will be required to wear a mask or other facial covering when in public and in close contact with other people, as described in the order. This amended order extends until July 31, 2020 at 5:00 p.m.

  • District of Columbia: Mayor’s Order 2020-066, May 13, 2020
  • Kansas: Governor Laura Kelly Announces Masks Must be Worn Statewide

    Governor Laura Kelly today announced that she will sign an Executive Order requiring that most Kansans in a public space must wear a mask, beginning 12:01 a.m. Friday, July 3…

    Under the order, most Kansans must wear masks in stores and shops, restaurants, and in any situation in which social distancing of 6 feet cannot be maintained, including outside.

  • Louisiana: Gov. Edwards Orders Statewide Mask Mandate, Closes Bars to On Premises Consumption as COVID-19 Continues to Spread Across Louisiana
  • Nevada: Gov. Sisolak announces mandatory face covering policy in public

    Per this requirement, anyone in any public space throughout the State, including visitors, will need to wear a mask. This includes using public transportation, public facing work environments, when patronizing businesses, or interacting with others in any generally publicly accessible space.

  • Washington State: Guidance on Cloth Face Coverings from the Washington State Department of Health
  • Arkansas Arkansas’ governor issues executive statewide order requiring masks

    Arkansans must wear a mask when you cannot social distance up to six feet. It involves both indoor and outdoor settings. The mandate requires anyone older than ten to wear a mask. Exceptions include while eating, at athletic events and or if a job is impossible to do while wearing a mask. It goes into effect Monday, July 20

  • Wisconsin: EMERGENCY ORDER #1 Relating to preventing the spread of COVID-19 by requiring face coverings in certain situations Effective 2020 Aug 01

    FACE COVERING REQUIRED. Every individual, age five and older, in Wisconsin shall wear a face covering if both of the following apply:

    • a.The individual is indoors or in an enclosed space, other than at a private residence; and;
    • b.Another person or persons who are not members of individual’s householdor living unit are present in the same room or enclosed space.
  • New Hampshire: State of New Hampshire, Executive Order 63: An order requiring face coverings for certain scheduled gatherings of 100 or more individuals, as part of the state’s efforts to respond to COVID-19
  • Canada: Recommendation Regarding the Use of Cloth Face Coverings, Especially in Areas of Significant Community-Based Transmission

    In light of this new evidence, CDC recommends wearing cloth face coverings in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain (e.g., grocery stores and pharmacies) especially in areas of significant community-based transmission.

  • Canada: Tam offers new advice: wear a non-medical mask when shopping or using public transit: Finally, only after the WHO and CDC
  • Canada’s top doctor says non-medical masks can help stop the spread of COVID-19
  • Canada’s medical chief finally tells public that masks can help prevent Covid-19 spreading

    Therefore, we will no longer discourage people from wearing masks . Wearing a mask may help to protect others, in case you have the virus but don’t know it. This is so that you keep your droplets to yourself – when you sneeze or speak or cough. It can also protect yourself a little better, especially if you are elderly, or vulnerable because of pre-existing health conditions.

  • Legault hopes Quebeckers ‘make a habit’ of wearing masks, but won’t make it mandatory yet: Quebec is planning for mandatory masks at least for public transit.

    Quebec Premier François Legault says there is no legal barrier to making wearing masks mandatory in some locations, such as public transit, but the province first needs to make sure face coverings are more widely available.

    Quebec is the first Canadian jurisdiction where the idea of mandating the use of masks in public, to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus, has been discussed in such explicit detail.

    Mr. Legault said wearing masks in public will be a necessary step in a broader return to regular activities because increased public transit ridership would make it impossible to maintain physical-distancing rules…

    One opposition leader, Pascal Bérubé of the Parti Québécois, urged the premier to make masks mandatory in Montreal’s transit system and public places.

  • Quebec: Wearing a mask or a face covering in public settings in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

    From July 18, 2020, wearing a mask or face covering that covers the nose and mouth is also mandatory in enclosed or partially enclosed public places for people age 12 and over. This obligation, with exceptions, will apply in the following places:

    • a retail business;
    • a service company;
    • a professional’s private office;
    • a place where municipal or government services are offered;
    • a personal care business (e.g., hairdressers, beauty care) ;
    • a shopping mall;
    • a place of worship;
    • a place where cultural or entertainment activities or services are offered (e.g., movie theatre, concert hall, etc.);
    • a rental room or other venue used to host events, such as conferences and conventions;
    • a place where sports or recreational activities are practiced;
    • a restaurant or bar;
    • a common area, including an elevator, of a tourist accommodation establishment;
    • educational institution (except pre-school, primary and secondary schools), including colleges and universities;
    • a train or bus station, a river station, a metro station or an airport.

    Wearing a mask or face covering is also mandatory to access or move around a lobby, reception area or elevator in an office building other than an apartment building.

  • Ontario: Ontario Announces Additional Workplaces that Can Reopen: Reopening for 2020 May 19

    …the public should continue to adhere to public health measures, including practising physical distancing or wearing a face covering when physical distancing is difficult or not possible…

  • Ottawa: Ottawa to become 1st Canadian city to make masks ‘mandatory’ on transit: Effective 2020 June 15
  • Ottawa: effective 2020 Jul 07

    As Medical Officer of Health, the following are my instructions, pursuant to O. Reg 263/20 s.4(2) (or as current), to all employersand persons responsible for businesses or organizations within the City of Ottawa, effective July 7, 2020 as of 12:01 am:1.
    (1) Every Operatoriof an Enclosed Public Spaceiishall adopt a policy to ensure that no member of the public is permitted to enter or remain in the public areas of the Enclosed Public Space unless he or she is wearing a Maskiiiin a manner that covers their nose, mouth and chin

  • Toronto: Toronto to make face coverings mandatory on public transit, will hand out 1M masks to riders: Proposed effective 2020 July 02, still requires approval
  • Toronto: City council votes to make masks mandatory in public in Toronto: Effective 2020 Jul 07
  • Toronto: Mandatory Mask or Face Covering Bylaw
  • York Region, Markham Mandatory Use of Face Masks and Coverings

    Effective Friday, July 17, 2020 as of 12:01 a.m., business owners and operators in York Region must have a policy in place to prohibit people from entering if they are not wearing a face mask or covering. Customers, employees and visitors who enter enclosed public spaces must wear a face mask or covering.

  • Guelph, Wellington: Masks must be worn in Guelph or Wellington County, medical officer of health says: Commercial establishments must prohibit people from entering if they’re not wearing masks. Dr. Nicola Mercer of Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Public Health issued an order this morning that says commercial establishments must make sure people entering and remaining on their premises wear a mask or face covering.
  • Mississauga: to require face masks on MiWay transit, but rule ‘unenforceable’ city staff says
  • Ontario: Kingston Kingston issues face-mask order after COVID-19 outbreak at nail salon

    Dr. Moore issued a public-health order on Friday making face masks mandatory in all indoor public places in the Kingston region, including grocery stores, restaurants, hair and nail salons, and on public transit. Businesses can be fined up to $5,000 a day for violating the order.

  • New Brunswick: New Brunswick eases COVID-19 restrictions, but not precautions

    …face masks will be required in public if physical distancing cannot be maintained.

  • Newfoundland: Masks to be mandatory indoors in public starting Aug. 24 in N.L.
  • Winnipeg, Manitoba Manitoba makes masks mandatory in Winnipeg as COVID-19 cases surge

  • WHO: World Health Organisation reverses course, now supports wearing face masks in public
  • WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 5 June 2020
    Here is what’s new:

    1. In areas with widespread transmission, WHO advises medical masks for all people working in clinical areas of a health facility, not only workers dealing with patients with COVID-19…
    2. Second, in areas with community transmission, we advise that people aged 60 years or over, or those with underlying conditions, should wear a medical mask in situations where physical distancing is not possible….
    3. In light of evolving evidence, WHO advises that governments should encourage the general public to wear masks where there is widespread transmission and physical distancing is difficult, such as on public transport, in shops or in other confined or crowded environments.

    These two new additional requirements, that all medical staff wear masks who are in clinical areas, as well as all people 60yo and above wear medical masks, will increase demand for medical masks.

    Based on this new research, WHO advises that fabric masks should consist of at least three layers of different material. Details of which materials we recommend for each layer are in the guidelines.

  • Advice on the use of masks in the context of COVID-19

    The ideal combination of material for non-medical masks should include three layers as follows: 1) an innermost layer of a hydrophilic material (e.g. cotton or cotton blends); 2), an outermost layer made of hydrophobic material (e.g., polypropylene, polyester, or their blends) which may limit external contamination from penetration through to the wearer’s nose and mouth; 3) a middle hydrophobic layer of synthetic non-woven material such as polyproplylene or a cotton layer which may enhance filtration or retain droplets.

  • Singapore: When should I wear a mask?
    Wear a mask if you are out and in close contact with others. Here’s where to collect your reusable mask

  • Singapore: Singapore makes face masks compulsory as coronavirus infections surge to 3,252 amid mass testing of migrant workers
    Prime Minister Lee, in his address to nation on 3 Apr on COVID-19 situation

  • Hong Kong: Prevention and Control of Disease (Regulation of Cross-boundary Conveyances and Travellers) Regulation and the Prevention and Control of Disease (Wearing of Mask) (Public Transport) Regulation gazetted
  • Hong Kong: Wearing Masks in Public Places
    On July 22, the Secretary for Food and Health issued the direction according to the Regulation to mandate the wearing of mask for the period from July 23 to August 5 in the following specified public places –

    • public transport carrier or MTR paid area;
    • all indoor public places, where “indoor” is defined based on the relevant interpretation under the Smoking (Public Health) Ordinance (Cap. 371);
    • public transport facilities designated as no smoking areas as set out in the Schedule to the Smoking (Public Health) (Designation of No Smoking Areas) Notice (Cap. 371, sub. leg. D); and
    • public places that are bus interchanges and adjoining facilities designated as no smoking areas as set out in item 21 of Schedule 2 to the Smoking (Public Health) Ordinance (Cap. 371).
  • Israel: Israelis required to wear face masks when out in public

    Israelis are required to wear faces masks when venturing outside in accordance with a new Health Ministry directive that came into effect on Sunday morning. The measure was approved by the government this past week.

    Under the new rules, masks must be worn when leaving home and should cover the nose and the mouth…

    The masks can be homemade, makeshift, or bought, according to the authorities. The order had previously been issued as a recommendation.

  • Turkey: Turkey Orders All Citizens to Wear Masks as Infections Rise
  • India: New Delhi, Mumbai, Uttar Pradash Major Indian cities make mask-wearing compulsory amid virus fears
  • Every Hong Kong resident to get a reusable mask as city turns corner in pandemic fight to start gradual easing of Covid-19 curbs: Reusable masks with an inner replaceable filter
  • Nigeria, Lagos: Face mask use compulsory in public from April 25 in Lagos state /update 17

    On Sunday, April 25, Lagos state Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu announced that the wearing of face masks in public has been made mandatory statewide in order to prevent the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The state has been placed under complete containment since the end of March.

  • Qatar: Qatar enforces mandatory masks or prison

    Qatar on Sunday began enforcing the world’s toughest penalties of up to three years’ imprisonment for failing to wear masks in public…

  • Australia, Victoria: Face coverings mandatory for Melbourne and Mitchell Shire effective 2020 Jul 22

    People living in metropolitan Melbourne and Mitchell Shire and will now be required to wear a face covering when leaving home for one of the four reasons, following a concerning increase in coronavirus cases in recent days.

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