The Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location (RSDL, 指定居所监视居住 zhi3ding4 ju1suo3 jian1shi4 ju1zhu4) law is arguably one of the most feared laws in China. This law allows the police to detain a person, transport them to a secret location, of ten called a “black jail” and not inform the person’s relatives and legal representation. This is the law that China uses to “disappear” people.
RSDL has been used on numerous foreigners in China, where they have disappeared for 6 months or longer. RSDL has been used against human rights lawyers, as well as Ai Weiwei 艾未未, an artist. Let’s dive into China’s Criminal Procedure Law and see what the law actually says. Links to original Chinese documents as well as Google translations are provided. Here is some commentary and case studies
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Residential Surveillance at Designated Location RSDL: China Law
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